0 Trains from (VM)VILLUPARAM JN to (MNM)MANAMADURAI JN
Address: Villupuram Railway, Viluppuram, Tamil Nadu 605602, India
Station Code: VM
Station Name: VILLUPARAM JN
Train Frequency Weekly: 310
Station Traffic: High
Address: Manamadurai Junction, Manamadurai, Tamil Nadu 630606, India
Station Code: MNM
Station Name: MANAMADURAI JN
Train Frequency Weekly: 46
Station Traffic: Low
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The centenary celebrations of the Pamban Railway Bridge were inaugurated by Bharat Ratna Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, former President of India at Pamban railway station in Ramanathapuram District on 28thJanuary, 2014. Shri. K. Shivakumar alias J.K. Ritheesh, Honâ€™ble MP was the distinguished guest while Dr. M.H. Jawahirullah, M.L.A. and Shri. M. Sundara Pandian, Chairman, District Panchayat, Ramanathapuram graced the occasion as guests of honour.
Shri Rakesh Misra, General Manager, Southern Railway welcomed the gathering and said that
The historic and famous Pamban railway bridge has almost completed 100 years of existence. This bridge, which is a great tourist attraction, is located between Mandapam and Pamban railway stations in Madurai â€“ Rameswaram section of Madurai Division of Southern Railway. The Pamban Railway bridge connects the Rameswaram island to the main land.
Construction of the Pamban railway bridge .. and the unique Scherzer span
The Pamban railway bridge was constructed between August 1910 and December 1913. The 2054.35 m long bridge consists of 145 spans of 40 feet steel girders and 1 span of 218 feet steel truss consisting of 2 lifting type of cantilever trusses. This span has been named after Scherzer, the Engineer who designed and executed this span. Works on the Scherzer span commenced in July 1913 and were completed in December 1913. A unique feature of this span is that it can be opened for the movement of boats / vessels by lifting the cantilever span for a maximum of 81 degrees in vertical plane. The Pamban Railway bridge was opened on 24thFebruary, 1914 by Mr. Neville Priestley, MD, South Indian Railway Company Ltd. Railway traffic was opened in February, 1914 by the then South Indian Railway Company to facilitate communication between India and Ceylon.
Connectivity to Ceylon
With the help of Pamban Railway bridge, railway line reached Rameswaram island and extended upto Dhanushkodi, a place of pilgrimage at the eastern tip of Rameswaram island. Shipping services were operated between Dhanushkodi and Talaimannar, a terminus of Ceylon Railway System. Regular steamer services were operated between Dhanushkodi and Talaimannar as a part of Railway (Managing) System to carry passengers and goods between India and Ceylon.
A unique safety feature
An Anemometer fixed at 56th pier over the bridge records the velocity of the wind and whenever the velocity of the wind exceeds 58 kmph, trains are not allowed over the bridge. This is ensured by suitable connectivity to the approach signals from the anemometer.
Initially, it was decided to construct a new bridge meeting broad gauge standards. To execute this project, global consultancy tenders were called for. Multi-national organizations submitted their offers to carry out the construction of a new bridge at an estimated cost of Rs.800 crores. However, Railway Engineers, along with technical experts from the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai and the Government of Tamil Nadu, conducted a detailed survey and recommended the conversion of the existing bridge to broad gauge standards instead of construction of a new bridge. Accordingly, strengthening, replacement and improvement works to Pamban railway bridge were carried out at an approximate cost of Rs.24 crores.
Upon completion of the gauge conversion works, the Manamadurai â€“ Rameswaram Broad Gauge section, in which the historic Pamban railway bridge is situated, was opened for traffic on 12th August, 2007.
The humid atmosphere coupled with a high degree of salinity in the region demands constant monitoring and maintenance of the steel girders of the bridge. All efforts are being taken and requirements met to keep the bridge fit. This grand old bridge which remains sturdy, braving the elements for a century, is surely one of its kind. The pride of Indian Railways, the Pamban railway bridge is indeed an engineering marvel !
Chief Public Relations Officer
Chief Public Relations Officer
The following special trains will be run to clear the extra rush of passengers during Onam/Velankanni Festival season.
1)Chennai Central â€“ Mangalore Junction Superfast special & Mangalore Junction -Chennai Central Special: T.No.06003 Chennai Central â€“ Mangalore Junction Superfast Special will leave Chennai Central at 21.00 hrs. on 14.09.2013 & 21.09.2013 and arrive Mangalore Junction at12.45 hrs. the next day. T.No.06004 Mangalore Junction â€“ Chennai Central Special will leave Mangalore Junction at 14.45 hrs. on 15.09.2013 & 22.09.2013 and arrive Chennai Central at 07.45 hrs. the next day.The composition of the trains will be 1 AC 2-tier, 4 AC3-tier, 11 Sleeper Class, 3 General Second Class and 2 luggage-cum-brake van coaches. The trains will stop at Arakkonam, Katpadi, Gudiyattam, Vaniyambadi, Jolarpettai, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur, Coimbatore, Palakkad, Shoranur, Kuttipuram, Tirur, Kozhikkode, Vadakara, Thalassery, Kannur, Payyanur, Kanhangad and Kasaragod.T.No.06004 will stop at Perambur also.
2)Nagercoil â€“ Velankanni â€“ Nagercoil Special: T.No.06302 Nagercoil â€“ Velankanni Special will leave Nagercoil at 14.00 hrs. on 27.08.2013 and arrive Velankanni at03.00 hrs. the next day. T.No.06301 Velankanni â€“ Nagercoil Special will leave Velankanni at 13.00 hrs. on 28.08.2013 and arrive Nagercoil at 02.45 hrs. the next day.The composition of the trains will be 1 AC 2-tier, 3 AC3-tier, 8 Sleeper Class, 4 General Second Class and 2 luggage-cum-brake van coaches. The trains will stop at Valliyur, Tirunelveli, Vanchi Maniyachchi, Kovilpatti, Satur, Virudhunagar, Aruppukottai, Manamadurai, Sivaganga, Devakottai, Karaikkudi, Pudukkottai, Tiruchchirappalli, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam.
3)Chennai Central â€“ Nagercoil â€“ Chennai Central Special (via.Chennai Egmore): T.No.06005 Chennai Central - Nagercoil Special will leave Chennai Central at 17.40 hrs. on 07.09.2013 and arrive Nagercoil at09.30 hrs. the next day. T.No.06006 Nagercoil â€“ Chennai Central Special will leave Nagercoil at 13.20 hrs. on 08.09.2013 and arrive Chennai Central at 05.00 hrs. the next day.The composition of the trains will be 1 AC 2-tier, 4 AC3-tier, 11 Sleeper Class, 3 General Second Class and 2 luggage-cum-brake van coaches. The trains will stop at Chennai Egmore, Tambaram, Chengalpattu, Villupuram, Virudhachalam, Tiruchchirappalli, Dindigul, Madurai, Virudhunagar, Sattur, Kovilpatti, Vanchi Maniyachchi, Tirunelveli and Valliyur. T.No.06006 will stop at Mambalam also.
Advance reservation for the above trains will commence on 25.08.2013.
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